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Significance of Planets in Vedic Astrology

Significance of Planets in
Vedic Astrology

In the Vedic astrology and other occult studies of the world, planets play an essential role in influencing our destiny. There are seven planets in the Vedic astrology namely Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn and two dark planets, Rahu and Ketu. The planets aforementioned represent their respective deities also. They are also regarded as the north and south nodes. They are connected with the points at which the orbit of Moon around earth cuts the orbit of earth around Sun. Zodiacs signify various situations that develop in one’s life and influences that enter one’s life.

The nine planets are said to exert influence on our mind and body. Humans are controlled by the influence of planetary position. The energy centers called Chakras are closely associated with the exalted or malefic position of these planets. For instance, the Root Chakra ruled by Lord Kartikeya is influenced by Planet Mars and Manipura Chakra ruled by Lord Ram by Planet Sun. Let us understand the position of these planets, their attributes, traits and their connection to the Chakras.

Planet Sun


Astrologically, Sun or Surya is the centre of great powers. Due to its huge gravitational force, the planets revolve around it. It sustains the life on Earth and there would be no life without the almighty Sun. Sun is the Prana, the Lord Almighty. He has a huge significance on the life of human beings. Sun represents the divine brilliance manifested in the Self of humans.

Sun gives life and supplies light to all the planets that revolve around it. It is the source of energy for them and the most powerful of all planets in the Vedic astrology. It is the fuel for all the energies on the Earth. It is considered the King or father of our solar system or the Soul of the universe due to its immense powers. Sun is the lone source of energy and all the other planets depend on Him for energy and survival.

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According to Vedic scriptures and astrology, Moon (‘Chandra’ or ‘Soma’ in Sanskrit) is a celestial planet (Graha) that governs the basic habits, behaviors, personal needs and the emotions of an individual. It rules the mental and emotional state of all humans. It reflects the overall personality of an individual in terms of their psychological growth.

The life on Earth is sustained by the luminaries, Sun and Moon. As per Vedic astrology the Sun governs the soul and the Moon governs our emotions and feelings. Moon is our ‘Mann’ or feelings that play a pivotal role in keeping the relationships with other stable. It is considered tender by nature, and signifies beauty and love.

As per the Vedic system of astrology, Moon is associated with functionalities of the mind and is naturally benefic. The position of Moon in a person’s natal chart along with its alignment with Jupiter or other benefic planets determines an individual’s prosperity in life. The planet Jupiter (Barahaspati) denotes wealth and hence the perfect alignment of these two planets (Jupiter and Moon) in a person’s horoscope blesses him/her with wealth and prosperity.

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planet Moon
Planet Jupiter


According to Vedic scriptures and astrology, Jupiter (Brhaspati or Guru) is a celestial planet (Graha) that teaches us various life lessons and governs our education, wisdom, wealth, happiness and knowledge. It is considered to be a highly beneficial planet. If placed favorably in the natal chart of a person, Jupiter bestows the person with the best of everything. Its nature represents progress and expansion. The person influenced by Jupiter will be religious, successful and generous and generally will tend to have high morals. The persons with highly influential Jupiter will be in the professions of teachers and priests.

As it is the largest planet in the solar system, the Indian astrology considers Jupiter to be the Guru (vast and great) of all planets. Jupiter takes a year to complete its orbit path. It is the ruler of the zodiac signs Sagittarius (Dhanu) and Pisces (Meena). As per zodiac rules Jupiter is exalted in Cancer (Karka) and weakened in Capricorn (Makara). The malefic of Jupiter in a natal chart specifies exhaustion, stress, depression and pessimism. Its effect also results in jaundice and liver disorders. Its color is yellow.

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In the Vedic scriptures and astrology, Ketu is considered as a shadow planet or Chayagraha or a node that is positioned opposite to Rahu. The movements of Rahu and Ketu are interrelated and as the parts of the same body they are always opposite to each other. Rahu and Ketu represent the parts of the same demon with Ketu representing its tail. Ketu (like Rahu) is not a physical or observable heavenly body like all the other planets that form the Navagrahas; neither does it represent any zodiac sign. Ketu is an imaginary point in the sky but because of its spiritual influence on the human beings it has been given the status of a planet by ancient Rishis and sages.

Ketu is regarded as a phase of difficult karma where a person reaps the results of his/her karmic past. It is considered to be a path towards Moksha (or liberation from the cycle of life and death) but is full of obstacles. The other side of Ketu symbolizes the understanding of the mysterious knowledge of life. Just like Rahu, Ketu also gives sudden and unexpected results.

The planet Ketu is known to instill spirituality. Those, influenced by it, attain spiritual achievements. Those with a benefic Ketu have good healing powers and have an ability to heal through their spiritual powers.

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Planet Ketu
Planet Mars (Mangal in Sanskrit)


According to Vedic scriptures and astrology, Mars (Mangal in Sanskrit) is a celestial planet (Graha) that governs energy and power. The color red of Mar gives it a fiery nature. Mars in a person’s natal chart bestows courage and confidence.

Mars is the action planet of the zodiac considered as the commander-in-chief of all the nine planets and is personified as the God of War. He rules over one’s courage, valor, endurance, self-confidence and leadership abilities. Mars rules over the power and expression of confidence in a human being. It governs the energy, passion and drive in an individual. Mars can be thought of as an energy that demands action. It is this pure energy that is the driving force of learning new skills and achievement in life. This energy is competitive and assertive and if channeled correctly can act as a healthy aggression.

Mars in the Ascendant or rising sign makes an individual look young. The other characters imparted by Mars to its native are energy, determination to do any task, administrative skills, a sense of purpose and an independent spirit. People with a strong influence of Mars are short tempered and prefer arguments. Mars characterizes soldiers, engineers, builders, policemen, surgeons etc.

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According to Vedic scriptures and astrology, planet Mercury or Budha Graha is a celestial planet which means cleverness and symbolizes the qualities of intellect, wit and humor in an individual. Mercury is also referred by other names such as Rauhineya, Saumya, Jna, Bodhana, Vit and Hema. It is considered to be an inherent benefic. Budha Graha is related to the Heart Chakra and manages all the affairs related to the heart and consequently the biggest lesson that it teaches us is forgiveness and the act of kindness.

Budha is generally considered to be a benefic planet however under certain circumstances it plays the role of a malefic planet. Those born under the influence of strong Mercury are sharp thinkers; however they have an innate anxiety as well as indecisiveness. Mercury also imparts logic. Those under a strong influence of this planet have excellent reasoning and analytic ability. Researchers are said to have a strong presence of Budha in their horoscope. It is the planet that regulates communication and represents the areas such as trade, banking and commerce, accounts and computers. An exalted Budha ensures success in these fields. Communication is governed by Mercury and hence it rules work related to telephone, telegraphs, couriers etc. Since it governs logic and communication the horoscopes of businessmen, engineers, media personnel, writers, mathematicians, astrologers and traders have a strong Budha influence. An exalted Mercury also makes and individual appealing and insightful.

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Planet Mercury
Planet Rahu


In Vedic scriptures and astrology, Rahu is considered as a Shadow planet or Chayagraha or a node. It is also called Bhayanaka. It has a unique, overwhelming and predictable impact in an individual’s life. Rahu (as well as Ketu) is not a physical or observable heavenly body like all the other planets that form the Navagrahas. It owns no any zodiac sign. It is an imaginary point in the sky but because of its strong influence on human lives it has been given the status of a planet by the ancient Rishis and sages. The movements of Rahu and Ketu are interrelated and as the parts of a same body they are always opposite to each other. Rahu has a greater significance in influencing an individual’s life.

Rahu stays in a person’s zodiac sign for 18 months and is responsible for a person’s behavior. Rahu leads an individual on a path to spiritual enlightenment by teaching him to overcome worldly desires.

Rahu Kaal is the period in one’s life when he/she is under the malefic influence of Rahu. However, depending on the planet or bhava (the pattern of life such as longevity, money, pleasures etc.) controlling Hhim, Rahu dasha can also become the best time in an individual’s life. This period has a vast potential to get desirable results with dhyana or worship.

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According to the Vedic scriptures and astrology, Saturn (Lord Shani) is a huge celestial planet (Graha) which moves very slowly. As per Vedic astrology Shani means shanaiye, the one that moves slowly and has great significance. It takes around two and a half years to cross a zodiac sign.

Planet Saturn represented by Lord Shani is considered to be a very cold and dry planet due to Shani’s strained relation to his father Lord Surya, the sun god. Husband of Chhaya (meaning shadow), Shani is considered to be a dreaded Vedic deity. Planet Saturn placed in the proper sign and house, the lord Shani bestows the native with tremendous wealth and fame. When placed in an adverse condition it gives poverty, loss, misery, sorrow, accidents and hurdles in life. This planet is linked with age and hence longevity of a person. If placed favorably in one’s horoscope it gives long life. As per the karmas and circumstances, Shani gives long-term diseases that are difficult to cure. The native may have to suffer long illnesses. He rules over the bones and controls the large bones in the legs.

In spite of being feared, Saturn teaches its natives valuable lessons. It is considered to be the planet of justice. Saturn is the teacher that punishes his students when they make mistakes and rewards them when they do well. Depending upon the deeds or karmas of an individual he gives justice. Those influenced by Shani have to work hard. Things don’t easily come to them. It represents the labor class who work hard for a small livelihood. Land and all the things beneath it (mining items) are controlled by Saturn.

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Planet Saturn (Lord Shani)
Planet Venus


According to the Vedic scriptures and astrology, planet Venus or Shukra Graha is a celestial planet (one of the Navagrahas) which dominates various qualities of humans related to love, sex, attractiveness, music and dance and amusement sources. It is the brightest planet in the sky and can be easily seen in the north direction early in the morning and hence it is also known as the Morning Star. Shukra is the planet for various pleasures and delights such as bodily beauty, attraction, love, relationship, sex, wealth, knowledge and prosperity. A person appears attractive and attracts others, all due to Venus’s energy. Socializing is also a trait of this planet. It is considered to be a munificent planet with feminine characteristics. The placement of Venus in the natal chart determines the pleasures of marital life and luxuries. If Venus is weakly placed in the horoscope the individual may go through a troublesome or failed marriage, he/she may lack an amicable nature and physical appeal. This happens not only due to a weakly placed Venus but also due to the alignment of malefic planets with Venus.

The malefic Venus may cause a person to be controlling and dominating. It teaches us the valuable life lesson of self-worth. Venus rules the following profession: literature, poetry, theatre, film and sex industry, restaurants, textile industry, cosmetic and jewelry shops. Actors, actresses, beauticians, photographers, painters and people in other creative fields have a favorable presence of Venus. It governs the two zodiac signs Taurus (Vrishabha) and Libra (Thula). In Pisces it is exalted and in Virgo it is debilitated. Venus governs the following body organs: stomach, hands, skin, sexual organs, nose, chin and eyes. The malefic of Venus results in diseases related to these organs.

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